Science & Technology

Urgent need to improve health inequalities

AThe first wave of the COVID pandemic was washed away all over the world, leaving devastation as a result. The new coronavirus has pierced a worn and worn-out social safety net even before the pandemic. And it soon became clear that the resulting devastation was persistently the most serious among the underprivileged and marginalized communities.

COVID has revealed that many already know. Injustices such as race, culture, color, income and caste can be fatal. At the global level, vaccines were slow to reach poor developing countries, which did not have the resources to produce, pay for, or distribute jabs. The vaccine they finally received proved to be ineffective against the evolving waves of the virus, making it difficult to procure mRNA technology. But inequality has also afflicted wealthy countries. In the United States, mental health care has lost its provider, despite a surge in service needs. Treatment was already difficult to find, but diminished until it was almost available only to those with money and resources.

Infectious diseases are also unequal and prosperous. It spreads fastest in densely populated areas, and it generally affects poor and relatively helpless communities, so it is underfunded and under-served. Prior to COVID, tuberculosis killed more people around the world than any other infectious disease. The pandemic exacerbated this as people were congested in the house and infected with an aerial virus while trying to avoid another virus.

Bias turns out to be fatal even in non-communicable diseases. Cardiovascular disease, the world’s leading cause of death in 2019, was originally nailed as a rich illness and was associated with excessive indulgence and too little exercise. Recently, it has emerged as a problem even in low-income areas and marginal areas. In fact, screening and treatment reduced heart attack-related mortality in some groups, while others were overlooked or unable to make substantial changes to their diet or lifestyle, resulting in significant improvements. I can’t.

Solution makers at all levels have been working hard to change the status quo. Whether quantifying social determinants of health (evaluating how life-threatening factors such as financial needs, food availability, and child stress contribute to someone’s well-being) ), Even when finding the care women need during pregnancy and postpartum, these transformants pave the way for more equitable care. We can only look at the AIDS pandemic and find out why their efforts are important. Today, 40 years after the first case of HIV was reported, we have made great strides in both prophylactic and therapeutic treatment. However, those medicines often do not reach those who need them most urgently. We’re here, but we haven’t.

This article is “Innovation: Health inequalitiesAn editorial independent special report produced with financial support from Takeda..

Urgent need to improve health inequalities

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-urgent-need-to-improve-health-equity/ Urgent need to improve health inequalities

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