What are the risks associated with colposcopy and its side effects?

A Colposcopy Is a simple medical procedure performed to examine the vulva, cervix, and vagina. The procedure is similar to the Papanicolaou stain test. Doctors use a magnifying glass called a culpascope to perform surgery. Normal, Colposcopy Executed when the result of Papanicolaou stain test is abnormal.

During the test, if the doctor encounters abnormal cell growth during the procedure, additional clinical tests, such as a biopsy, may be done.

Why do you need a colposcopy?

Your doctor may recommend Colposcopy If they believe that something may be wrong with your vagina or cervix.Other reasons about why you might need Colposcopy include:

  • The result of the Papanicolaou stain test is abnormal.
  • Your pelvic examination may show an abnormal cervix.
  • Unexplained uterine bleeding and other problems.
  • Precancerous changes in the vulva, cervix, or vagina.
  • Pelvic discomfort, cramps, or pain.
  • There may be genital warts or cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix).

When your doctor gets the result Colposcopy, They will know if further testing is needed.

If you notice any abnormalities in the vulva, vagina, or cervix, immediately consult your doctor to evaluate if there are any problems.

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How do I prepare for a colposcopy?

There is not much preparation for the procedure. However, there are some things you can remember during preparation. Colposcopy:

  • Discuss the procedure in detail with your doctor.
  • Avoid scheduling procedures just before or during your period.
  • Avoid using tampons or vaginal medications a few days before the procedure.
  • Avoid having sexual intercourse for 24-48 hours before the procedure.
  • Your doctor may recommend over-the-counter painkillers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen. Discuss this in detail with your doctor before proceeding.
  • Empty the intestines and bladder before a simple and comfortable procedure.

Many women experience anxiety before themselves Colposcopy.. Anxiety can cause sleep difficulties, concentration, or fear of procedures. Women who are worried before the procedure experience more pain during colposcopy than women who are not. You can express your concerns and fears about your doctor and procedures.

Here are some things to help you deal with your anxieties and fears Colposcopy:

  • Make a list of questions and concerns about the procedure. Please discuss with your doctor before booking.
  • Talk to your doctor about the procedure and pamphlets. Please read carefully before the procedure date.
  • Practice activities such as meditation, yoga and exercise to help you relax.

Women tend to have less anxiety between them Colposcopy Procedures when they listen to music. Consider consulting your doctor if you can listen to music quietly during the procedure.

Does colposcopy hurt?

Typically, Colposcopy It’s a painless procedure. You may feel some pressure when the doctor inserts the speculum into your vagina. Doctors may also experience a slight burning sensation when using a solution such as vinegar. A biopsy may cause slight discomfort and pain.

How is colposcopy performed?

A Colposcopy It’s a simple procedure that takes about 10 to 20 minutes. It is usually done in the clinic. No anesthetic required. Here’s what you can expect from the steps:

  • The doctor asks you to lie down on the table, just as you would during a pelvic examination.
  • The doctor will then place a microscope in your vagina. It helps keep the vaginal wall open so that your cervix is ​​visible.
  • Using a solution of vinegar, the doctor wipes your vagina and cervix with a cotton pad. It helps remove mucus from the area. The solution can cause a slight tingling or burning sensation.
  • The doctor will place the pulpascope a few inches away from the vulva for examination. They examine your vagina through a culposcope lens.
  • The culpascope does not touch your body. If necessary, your doctor may take a picture of your vagina for further examination.
  • If an area is suspected, the doctor may take a sample for a biopsy.
  • Once the sample is taken, the doctor will apply a solution to help with bleeding.

Biopsy during colposcopy

If the doctor finds abnormal cell growth inside Colposcopy, A biopsy can be performed for further examination. Doctors may use sharp biopsy instruments or tools to collect samples of abnormal cells. The procedure may vary depending on where you are testing.

Colposcopy Although usually painless, a cervical biopsy can cause mild pain, discomfort, or bleeding in some women. Your doctor may recommend a mild painkiller 30 minutes before your biopsy.

Most parts of the vagina are almost numb. You will not feel any pain during the biopsy. However, a biopsy of the lower part of the vagina or vulva can cause pain and discomfort. Doctors may use local anesthetics to paralyze the area before proceeding with the biopsy.

What are the risks associated with colposcopy?

A Colposcopy Is a routine procedure and there are few risks associated with it. Postoperative complications are also rare.

When the procedure is complete, the doctor may apply a liquid bandage to the cervix to stop the bleeding. You may notice brown or reddish-brown vaginal discharge for the next few days. You may even notice that it looks like coffee grounds. The discharge usually disappears after a few days of the procedure.

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of the following signs of infection:

  • High fever and chills.
  • Vaginal bleeding for more than 7 days.
  • Extreme pain in the lower abdomen that cannot be relieved by painkillers.
  • Smelly, heavy, yellowish vaginal discharge.

There is a slight possibility of Colposcopy The test is incorrect. In some cases, abnormal cells will grow in the future, even after they have been completely removed by a doctor. This is why doctors recommend regular tests and Papanicolaou stain tests to ensure that the cervix and vagina are normal and free of abnormal cells.

What happens after the colposcopy is complete?

After completing the steps, you may notice the following:

  • Dark vaginal discharge for about 3-4 days.
  • Light cramps for a few days.
  • Bleeding for about a week.

later Colposcopy, Your vagina may also hurt a little.

If you do not have a biopsy, you can immediately resume normal activity.

If you have a biopsy, avoid using vaginal creams, fragrant vaginal products, and tampons for a few days. Avoid sexual intercourse for about a week. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns or concerns about the procedure.

Colposcopy results

later ColposcopyTalk to your doctor when you can expect results. The results will determine if you need further testing or treatment.

Biopsy results may help diagnose abnormal cells in the vulva, vagina, or cervix. Based on the results, your doctor may recommend further tests as needed. If the biopsy shows precancerous or cancerous cells in the vagina, further treatment may be needed. To get rid of abnormal cells, doctors recommend the following:

Liquid gas is used to freeze abnormal cells in the vagina and cervix.

A conical piece of tissue of abnormal cells is removed from the cervix.

  • Loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)

Abnormal cells are removed using a wire loop. Also, pass an electric current.


A Colposcopy Is a simple procedure that helps doctors diagnose many problems with the vulva, vagina, or cervix.Risks and side effects associated with Colposcopy Very rare. The majority of women do not face procedural complications or side effects.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1. Can colposcopy detect cancer?

The· Colposcopy Performed to examine the vulva, vagina, or cervix. This procedure can detect abnormal precancerous cells or cancer cells. Vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, genital warts, Colposcopy..

2. What can I not do after colposcopy?

About 24 hours later ColposcopyTake it easy and avoid hard work. Don’t be content with sexual intercourse. Do not use tampons, vaginal creams and products, and irrigation.

3. Does colposcopy affect future pregnancies?

The chances of getting pregnant are the same for pregnant women. Colposcopy And those who have undergone other vaginal surgery. Colposcopy It does not affect future pregnancies.

4. What if the biopsy result is abnormal?

A biopsy test looks for precancerous cells or cancer cells in a tissue sample taken from the vagina or cervix. If cancer cells are present in the sample, the doctor will offer additional treatment options to remove them from the area.

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