Health

What is thrombosis? What are the first signs of thrombosis?

Most of us hurt ourselves in some way and bleed. After a certain period of time, the blood from the cut stops and coarse blood is seen. The hard mass is known as a blood clot or blood clot. The formation of blood clots is very important to the body. This mechanism is necessary for our body, otherwise we will be deficient in blood now. So when will it be harmful to us? The formation of blood clots in blood vessels interferes with the normal functioning of the circulatory system. Blood does not flow as expected and is known as thrombosis. Thrombosis comes from the word thrombus, which means blood clot.

What is thrombosis?

Venous thromboembolism is the formation of blood clots in the veins. It causes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and can cause pulmonary embolism. Alternatively, atherothrombosis is when a blood clot forms in an artery, causing a stroke or heart attack. Deep vein thrombosis can cause severe lower limb pain and swelling, and can result from several medical conditions, surgery, or prolonged rest. These blood clots can travel through the bloodstream and deposit in the lungs, blocking the bloodstream. It is known as pulmonary embolism. Ultrasound can diagnose this condition.

You can seek urgent medical care, paying attention to the first signs of thrombosis.

What are the signs and symptoms of thrombosis?

Signs of thrombosis can be painful or unpleasant. they are:

  • Leg weight, cramps and painful intolerable pain
  • Discomfort and itching of the entire foot
  • Frequent pain and warm feeling in the feet
  • Discoloration, thickening, or ulcer of the skin on the legs
  • Swelling of the legs

Deep vein thrombosis carries the risk of pulmonary embolism.

The symptoms of pulmonary embolism are less unpleasant. They include:

  • Dyspnea
  • Chest pain and pain during deep breathing
  • Chest pain when coughing
  • Fatigue and weakness, dizziness, fainting
  • Pulse rate increases sharply
  • Cough with blood stains

When do you see a doctor?

Contact your doctor if:

  • Witness the first few signs of deep vein thrombosis, such as pain in the legs, swelling, and discoloration.
  • I feel discomfort and weight in my chest.
  • Symptoms of pulmonary embolism are seen. Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening complication of DVT.

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What Causes Thrombosis?

Thrombosis, which is the formation of blood clots in blood vessels, can occur for one of the following reasons:

  • Vein or artery damage,
  • Immediately after surgery
  • Severe accident,
  • Resting leg movement restrictions, and
  • Some medicine

What increases the risk of thrombosis?

Several factors increase the risk of developing deep vein thrombosis. They are:

This process occurs when the joint or bone is in a cast or brace to prevent injury. Prolonged bed rest limits the ability of the calf muscles to contract, causing DVT.

Also known as a thrombophilia. As a result, the formation of blood clots increases. The standard process is known as coagulation, and the increasing tendency is known as hypercoagulation.

Knee surgery and other orthopedic surgery increase the risk of thrombosis.

During pregnancy, the entire weight and pressure enters the pelvic area and veins in the legs. This risk does not end after childbirth. It lasts for 6 weeks after giving birth.

Overweight has the same effect that pregnancy has on your feet. Increased pressure in the leg and pelvic areas can cause DVT.

Oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can increase blood clotting.

Some types of cancer and cancer treatments increase blood clotting.

  • Inflammatory bowel disease

IBD may increase the risk of DVT.

DVT can occur at any age, but people over the age of 60 are at increased risk.

What are the treatment options for deep vein thrombosis?

The use of anticoagulants is the most common treatment for deep vein thrombosis. They are also known as anticoagulants. These tablets and injections reduce the ability of blood to coagulate. Some of the anticoagulants are:

  • Doctors administer heparin intravenously. That is, it is injected into a vein in the arm. Enoxaparin, fondaparinux and dalteparin can be used as well.
  • Your doctor may give you warfarin and dabigatran after the injection. Pregnant women should avoid taking anticoagulants.
  • Your doctor may prescribe other anticoagulants. They are apixaban, edoxaban, and apixaban. In this case, you don’t need an IV.

Doctors may recommend thrombotic busters, filters, and compression stockings to prevent severity, inability to take medication, or swelling. Pressure stockings can be worn during the day for at least two years to reduce coagulation.

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What are the complications of thrombosis?

A life-threatening complication of deep vein thrombosis is pulmonary embolism (PE). This occurs when blood clots in the blood vessels reach the lungs from the legs and block them. In order to prevent pulmonary embolism at an early stage, it is necessary to pay attention to the signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism.

This is the most common complication of DVT. Also known as postthrombosis syndrome.

How can I prevent thrombosis?

There are several measures that need to be taken to prevent the development of deep vein thrombosis.

  • Limiting sitting for long periods of time can reduce the chance of thrombosis. Try to keep your legs moving as soon as possible after surgery or rest. Avoid crossing your legs while sitting and stop walking every hour for long drives. When traveling by plane, place your toes on the floor, raise your heels, and move your feet.
  • A healthy lifestyle prevents not only thrombosis but also other illnesses. It is advisable to lose weight (if you are overweight) and quit smoking.
  • Exercise regularly to reduce the risk of blood clots in your blood vessels.

Conclusion

Deep vein thrombosis requires treatment as soon as it is diagnosed. Once your doctor has finished treating DVT, it is your responsibility to make healthy changes in your lifestyle. Watch out for signs and symptoms. Don’t miss the doctor’s follow-up. Your doctor will assess your condition with follow-up consultations to change treatments as needed. Frequent blood tests check how much blood coagulates after treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are the side effects of anticoagulants?

Anticoagulants are the best treatment option for deep vein thrombosis. Still, there are some risks involved. After taking anticoagulants, the risk of bleeding increases. Seek medical attention immediately if you witness nosebleeds, vomiting, gum bleeding, or heavy menstruation immediately after taking prescription drugs.

  1. Is it possible for the blood clot to recur?

This is very unlikely to happen if the first blood clot is due to a surgical procedure or trauma. However, if treatment is stopped within 6 months due to an uninduced blood clot, the chance of recurrence is close to 20-30%.

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