The All Indian Grape Exporters Association (AIGEA) predicts that European Union (EU) regulations on mancozeb will affect the export of edible grapes from India. The association has demanded that the Government of India have to address the issue with the EU.
However, India’s largest grape exporter, Sahyadri Farmers Producer Company, welcomed the EU’s actions, saying that mancozeb regulations would allow grape farmers to use more cost-effective fungicides.
On December 14, 2020, the EU issued a notice regarding the disapproval of the active substance mancozeb, an effective protective fungicide for various foliar mycoses. Registered for use in garden crops, agricultural edible crops, ornamental crops, tobacco and forestry.
There is a transition period to readjust a set of practices regarding the export of edible grapes to the EU.Currently maximum residual level (((MRL) will not be reduced to the default level of 0.01 mg / kg until January 2022. According to APEDA, India’s grape harvest, which will be exported to the EU in the 2021 season, will not be affected as Mankozeb’s grace period ends on January 4, 2022. ..
However, starting next season (2022), viticulture growers growing export varieties for the EU market will need to adopt alternative packages of plant protection methods and stop using mancozeb.
Return to organic farming
“Indian grape exports have recently taken hold, but the various restrictions imposed by the EU keep farmers on their toes. The government has brought this issue to the EU, and frequent regulations and regulations affect exports. We need to avoid giving, “said AIGEA President Jagannat Capre. BusinessLine.. Khapre added that there are no data on the use of Mancozeb in India and farmers are uncertain about alternative fungicides.
More than 20 varieties of grapes are cultivated in India, 12 of which are commercially cultivated and exported to Europe and the Gulf countries. The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany, Russia and Bangladesh were India’s major grape export destinations in 2019-20.
Khapre said vine farmers must return to organic farming given the EU’s prudent approach to the use of chemicals in cultivation. “Since the 1960s, Indian vineyards have begun to use more and more chemicals and turned their backs on organic farming. Perhaps we have adopted old growing methods and made them cost-effective. You’ll have to find a way to do it, “he said.
Boost R & D
Maharashtra is the number one producer of grapes, accounting for more than 81.22% of total production and the highest productivity in the country. AIGEA fears that Maharashtra vineyards and exporters will have to revise their cultivation and export plans with new regulations.
However, Vilas Shinde, Chairman and MD of the Sahyadri Farmers Producer Company, said EU regulations are not specific to India and will not affect exports. “New regulations boost research and development, give farmers the opportunity to use new fungicides and reduce costs. Grape consumers around the world use foods grown with chemicals. We have to follow market choices because we are cautious about it, “said Cinde.
Grape is one of the important fruits covering an area of 123,000 hectares, accounting for 2.01% of the total area. According to APEDA, the country will export 193,690.55 MT of grapes to the world in 2019-20, worth 2,176.88 chlores ($ 298.05 million).
“The new regulations do not cause problems for grape exports so far, but farmers will have to come up with alternatives now,” Cinde added.
Will EU regulations in Mankozeb sour Indian grape exports?
https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/agri-business/will-eu-regulation-of-mancozeb-sour-indias-grape-exports/article33500087.ece Will EU regulations in Mankozeb sour Indian grape exports?